What is Domestic Violence?

Types:
Emotional
Physical
Sexual
Economical


Domestic Violence is a set of behaviors used by one person to maintain power and control over another in an intimate relationship.  It is used interchangeably with intimate partner violence. It can incorporate many types of abuse such as emotional, physical, sexual and economical. Partners may be of any sexual orientation, living together, separated, or dating. Many abusers often utilize more than one type of abuse. The boundaries between some of these behaviors may overlap. 

Who are the Victims of Domestic Violence?
ANYONE CAN BE A VICTIM OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE! They may be of any age, sex, race, culture, religion, education, employment or marital status. It is a problem that impacts not just individuals, but entire  communities across the globe.

Emotional or Psycological Abuse

Signs:
Yelling
Name calling
Blaming
Jealosy
Control
Shaming
Humiliation
Gas Lighting
Isolation
Manipulation
Property damage

Emotional abuse can be verbal or nonverbal. Its aim is usually to chip away at your feelings of self-worth and independence. As the victim of emotional abuse one may feel there is no way out of the relationship.  The abuser may use intimidation, manipulation, isolation, privilege, coercion and threats, amongst other tactics to project the illusion that without them there is no hope.

Abusers who use emotional or psychological abuse often use threats of physical violence. One may think that physical abuse is far worse than emotional abuse, but the scars of emotional abuse can be long lasting, often times deeply impacting the survivor, their loved ones, and the community.  Emotional abuse can even be more damaging than physical abuse often escalating to physical battery.

Physical Abuse

Examples:
Hitting
Grabbing
Strangulation
Pushing
Throwing things
Assault with a weapon
Spitting
Restraining




When people talk about domestic violence, they are often referring to the physical abuse of a spouse or intimate partner. Physical abuse is the use of physical force against someone in a way that injures or endangers that person. There is a broad range of behaviors that can be defined as physical abuse.
 

Sexual Abuse

Examples:
Unwanted
Unsafe
Degrading
Forced
Non consensual
Intoxicated victim
​Incest

Sexual violence is common in abusive relationships.  Any situation in which one is forced to participate in unwanted, unsafe, or degrading sexual activity is sexual abuse.  Forced sex, even by a spouse or intimate partner with whom you also have consensual sex, is an act of aggression and violence.  Women whose partners abuse them physically and sexually are at a higher risk of being seriously injured or killed.  

Economic or Financial Abuse


An abuser’s goal is usually to control the survivor and they will often use any means necessary to accomplish this. In addition to hurting an individual emotionally and physically, an abusive partner may also negatively impact a survivor's finances.
 
Economic or financial abuse includes:
  • Controlling the finances
  • Withholding money or credit cards
  • Giving an allowance
  • Accounting a survivor for every penny spent
  • Stealing
  • Exploiting your assets for personal gain
  • Withholding basic necessities (food, clothes, medications, shelter)
  • Preventing a survivor from working or choosing their own career
  • Sabotaging the workplace (missing work, showing up to work, calling constantly)

Examples:
Withholding money
Controlling
Stealing
Exploiting
Preventing
Sabotaging